|Taxonomic Reviews and Revisions: Brief diagnosis should be provided for all the known species, examined and mentioned by the author in the manuscript.
Citations: Each citation in the text must be accompanied by a full reference in the list of references and vice versa. Footnotes should be avoided. There are two ways of citing references in the text depending on sentence structure; eg: Author 1 and Author 2 (1994) or (Author 1 and Author 2, 1994).
When the cited reference has more than two authors, the citation should be done as follows: Author 1 et al. (2005) or (Author 1 et al., 2005). Citations of unpublished work are listed in parentheses in the text only; eg: Author 1 (personal communication); (Author 1, personal communication); according to Author 1 (unpublished data) or (Author 1, unpublished data).
Acknowledgements: The subtitle should be in bold and centralized. Acknowledgements should be concise and contain your recognition to people first, and then to affiliations or sponsors.
References: There must be a reference list including all those references cited in the text. Your references should provide the reader with needed information to retrieve and examine the cited reference. Please follow the guidelines mentioned for references below
References should be typed in a separate page, in alphabetical order. The author’s last names are typed in full and capital initials. Commas separate the names of authors. The first author is cited by the last name first and then name initials; all others are cited by their name initials first and then last names in full. Use the symbol “&” before citing the last author. Place single-authored articles before those in which the individual is a senior joint author. List two or more titles chronologically when the authors of these references are identical. Use the letters a, b, etc. to indicate two or more titles by the same authors in the same year. egs., 2005a, 2005b, etc. The titles of journals and books must be in must be in full and italics. Volume number of the journal must be in bold, followed by a colon and then page numbers separated by hyphen.
Please avoid citations of dissertations, theses, and extension materials. Do not cite restricted circulation materials (such as institutional documentation and research reports), or abstracts of papers presented at scientific meetings exceptions only in the case of descriptions available in older cases, Reports of FRI, Dept. of Agri., etc.
All literature cited in the text must be listed in the references in the following format
Taylor, L.R. 1961. Aggregation, variance and the mean. Nature, 189: 732-735.
Parrella, M. P., J. P. McCaffrey, & R.L. Horsburgh. 1981. Population trends of selected phytophagous arthropods and predators under different pesticide programs in Virginia apple orchards. Journal of Economic Entomology, 74: 492-498.
Steel, R.G., & J.H. Torrie. 1980. Principles and procedures of statistics: A Biometrical Approach (2nd Edition) McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., New York. 481 pp.
Chapter in a book
Boucek, Z. & Noyes, J.S. 2004. Two new species of Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae, Encyrtidae) associated with Icerya pattersoni Newstead (Hemiptera: Margarodidae) a pest of coffee in Kenya. In: Rajmohana, K., Sudheer, K., Girish Kumar, P. & Santhosh, S. (Eds.) Perspectives on biosystematics and biodiversity. Prof. T.C. Narendran commemoration volume. Systematic Entomology Research Scholars Association (SERSA), Kerala, India. pp 138-145.
Reitz, S.R., J. E. Funderburk, E. A. Hansen, I. Baez, S. Waring, & S. Ramachandran. 2002. Interspecific variation in behaviour and its role in thrips ecology. In: R. Marullo & L.A. Mound (Eds.) Thrips and Tospoviruses: Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on thysanoptera. Australian National Insect Collection, Canberra, Australia. pp. 133- 140.
Website reference Author, 2006. Title of website, database or other resources, World Wide Web electronic publication. Publisher name and location (if indicated), number of pages (if known). http://xxx.xxx.xxx/ [Date of access: date. month. Year].
eg. Noyes, J.S. 2003. Universal Chalcidoidea Database, World Wide Web electronic publication. The Natural History Museum, London. http:// www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/chalcidoids/index.html [Date of access: 05-Sep-2003]
Guidelines for Figure and Table Preparation
All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) must be of a high quality for good reproduction. The only formats allowed are those which can be opened and modified by Adobe Photoshop version 5.0 or higher. Accepted raster image-based file types are the following: .TIFF, .JPG, .BMP, and .GIF files. (.TIFF for single photographs or drawings, or .JPG & .GIF files for high resolution). Under no circumstance any files (illustrations, graphics, charts, etc.) in other file formats may be submitted, which have not been quoted here as being useful.
Resolution: It is extremely important that the correct resolution be used when submitting digital artwork. The minimum requirements for resolution in raster files are:
- 600 dpi (dots per inch) for line art (Bitmap [.bmp] or Grayscale mode)
- 350 dpi for halftones (i.e., black and white photos) (Grayscale mode)
- 350-400 dpi for color photos
- 600 dpi for combination halftones ( i.e., images containing illustrations/photos and text labeling) (Grayscale mode)
Line drawings must always have a high resolution and must be absolutely sharp and focused, without any grayscale blurring of the lines. For line drawings a minimum resolution (at final printing size), 240 pixels per cm (ca. 600 dpi) are required. The figure should not look fuzzy, jagged, pixilated, or grainy at intended print size. Sometimes higher resolution figures can be required after manuscript approval and if so, the corresponding author will be intimated after the acceptance of the paper.
Combination figures can be anything with text laid over an image (including plate labels: A, B, C, etc.). Any text in a combination image should be created at 600dpi; when creating a combination file, it is usually best to start with the raster image (for example, a photomicrograph preferably already at 300 dpi or higher) and use Photoshop or a similar program to increase the resolution to 600 dpi. Add text to the 600dpi version and save the file.
Figures should not normally exceed 8.5 cm wide (single column) or 17.5 cm wide (double column) when printed. Do not submit illustrations of size smaller or larger than these published page dimensions. Printing charges varies according to the size of the photograph
The names of files must be clear and unambiguous. Each illustration must be provided as a separate file and identified by its number and name of the author(s). Illustrations should be numbered consecutively. It is best to combine an abbreviation of the author’s name, of the title and the number of the illustration (for example: “Santhosh-Epyris-Fig.1.psd). Please avoid multiple numbering or complicated structures of numbers (egs. to be avoided: Plate 1, Fig. 1; Plate 1, Fig. 2 or Fig. 1a; Fig. 2b; Fig. 3c).
A brief legend should be provided with each of the illustrations. The captions, however, should be provided on a separate page and included after the reference and tables (if any) section. All illustrations should be cited in the text.
If paper copies are submitted, the following rules have to be followed:
- Paper originals must be A4 or smaller.
- Black and white illustrations which are submitted (singly or mounted as plates) on paper must be of high quality. Poor pictures cannot be improved significantly by scanning them.
- Picture numbers and other lettering and numbering within the pictures must be clearly indicated on accompanying photocopies only and should be excluded from the original photographs or drawings when submitted.
- All illustrations must show a clear and exact scale.
- A clear identification of the name(s) of the author(s), abbreviated title and illustration number(s) must be given on the back or on the edges (outside the picture frame).